Juta Textile
22, Jalan PJU 10/10C,
Saujana Damansara,
47810 Petaling Jaya,
Selangor, Malaysia.
+6012-737 7716

Latest News

Fabric Glossary

Jul 8, 2017
Fabric Glossary
View Full Size
Absorbency - The ability of a fabric to take in moisture.

Acetate - A manufactured fiber formed by compound of cellulose, refined from cotton linters and/or wood pulp, and acedic acid that has been extruded through a spinneret and then hardened.

Acrylic - A manufactured fiber; its major properties include a soft, wool like hand, machine washable and dryable and excellent color retention.

Alpaca - A natural hair fiber obtained from the Alpaca sheep, a domesticated member of the llama family.

Angora - The hair of the Angora goat. Also known as Angora mohair. Angora may also apply to the fur of the Angora rabbit.

Antique Satin - A reversible satin-weave fabric with satin floats on the technical face and surface slubs on the technical back created by using slub filling yarns. It is usually used with the technical back as the right side for drapery fabrics and often made of a blend of fibers.

Argyle - A pattern designed with different color diamond shapes knit into a fabric.

Aubusson - Fine, hand woven tapestry used for wall hangings or carpets.

Appliqué - These are decorations or embellishments on garments where different types of fabrics are cut and applied to the surface of one type of material to create a design or pattern.

Bamboo Fabric - Bamboo fabric is a natural textile made from the pulp of the bamboo grass. Bamboo fabric has been growing in popularity because it has many unique properties and is more sustainable than most textile fibers. Bamboo fabric is light and strong, has excellent wicking properties, and is to some extent antibacterial.

Bark Cloth - A textured woven, usually printed cotton fabric that was popular in the 30’s40’s and 50’s as an interior fabric. The prints were often large vines, leaves and florals.

Basket Weave - Plain weave where two or more warp yarns interlace with the same balance of filler yarns so that the fabric surface resembles a basket.

Batik - A method of dyeing fabric where some areas are covered with wax or pastes made of glues or starches to make designs by keeping dyes from penetrating in pattern areas. Multicolored and blended effects are obtained by repeating the dying process several times, with the initial pattern of wax boiled off and another design applied before dyeing again in a new color.

Batiste - A lightweight, plain weave fabric, semi sheer and usually made of cotton or cotton blends.

Bedford Cord - A cord cottonlike fabric with raised ridges in the lengthwise direction. Since the fabric has a high strength and a high durability, it is often used for upholstery and work clothes.

Bengaline - A fabric with a crosswise rib made from textile fibers (as rayon, nylon, cotton, or wool) often in combination.

Bleeding - A printing imperfection where the dyestuff runs from the screen of one area onto the motif of another.

Block Printing - A hand printing process where the motifs have been carved on wooden blocks. The dye is applied to the fabric from these blocks in a procedure similar to the rubber stamp technique.

Blotch - A screen used in printing that fills in the ground (or white) remaining after the full design has been printed. This becomes the fabric's background color.

Boiled Wool - Felted knitted wool, it offers the flexibility of a knit with great warmth.  

Border - A border is a gimp, but wider. This trim is sometimes woven in plain patterns, such as stripes or chevrons.

Boucle - A knit or woven fabric with small curls or loops that create a nubby surface. The fabric has a looped, knotted surface.

Broadcloth - A plain weave tightly woven fabric that is usually made from 100% cotton or a cotton blend.

Brocade - A heavy jacquard type fabric with an all over raised pattern or floral design.

Brocatelle - A heavy fabric similar in appearance to a damask. The filler yarns (often linen) give it an embossed look.

Brush Fringe - A brush fringe is a cut fringe that has a flat skirt made of thin yarns.

Buckpress - Transfer machine used to produce small samples strictly used for the heat transfer process.

Buffalo Plaid - A plaid with large blocks formed by the intersection of two different colored yarns. Can be found in multipurpose or upholstery weight fabrics.

Bullion Fringe - Bullion Fringe is made of cords, rather than yarns. The heading can be plain or decorative.

Burlap - A loosely constructed, heavy weight, plain weave fabric. It has a rough hand.  

Burn Out or Etched Printing - The application of an acid solution to dissolve an opaque fiber from a translucent sheer of blended yarns. After this process, the desired motifs appear in silhouette on the surface of the fabric.

Burn Out Velvet - Created from two different fibers, the velvet is removed with chemicals in a pattern leaving the backing fabric intact.   

Bird's Eye - A diamond weave patterned fabric.

Bleach wash - This is a bleach wash used to soften and distress the look of fabrics.

Bolt - This refers to larger quantities of fabric on a roll. This is how the fabric comes to the manufacturer of the finished garment. A bolt of cloth may have any amount of yardage. It refers more to the uncut piece of fabric rather than the quantity.

Brushed cotton - This fabric is brushed to remove the excess lint or fibers, leaving a smoother finish.

Burn-out - A brocade-like pattern effect created on fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. When the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leaves the ground fabric unharmed.

C.O.M. - Customer’s Own Material.

CAD Strike Off - Also referred to as a paper strike off. Generated in the Design Studio using in house equipment.

Calendering - The procedure of pressing fabric between heated and rotating cylinders to give a smooth glossy surface.

Calico - A lightly woven cotton type fabric with an all over print, usually a small floral pattern on a contrasting background color.

Cambric - A fine thin white linen fabric.

Camel's Hair - A natural fiber obtained from the underhair of the camel. It is relatively close to cashmere. Very soft hand.

Canvas - Cotton, linen, or synthetic fabric made with a basic plain weave in heavy and firm weight yarns for industrial or heavy duty purposes.

Cap sleeves - A type of sleeve that hits the upper arm between the elbow and the shoulder. Most often found in ladies' garments.

Carding - This is a process of cleaning fibers used in yarn spinning.

Chintz - A printed and glazed fabric, usually cotton.

Circular Knit - Weft knit fabric made on a circular needle-bed knitting machine, which produces fabric in tubular form.

Colorfastness - This generally describes the durability in fading or running of the fabric in relation to exposure to sunlight, dry cleaning or laundering. The types of fiber, dye or treatment used for creating the color determine how "colorfast" a fabric is.

Combed cotton - This where cotton yarn is combed in order to remove small fibers and align bigger fibers in a parallel manner which gives a smoother finer yarn.

Compaction - This refers to a shrinkage control process used during manufacture.

Core Yarn - A yarn in which one type of fiber is twisted or wrapped around another fiber that serves as a core.

Cotton - A unicellular, natural fiber that grows in the seed pod of the cotton plant. Fibers are typically 1/2 inch to 2 inches long. The longest staple fibers, longer than 1 1/2 inch, including the Pima and Egyptian varieties, produce the highest quality cotton fabrics.

Crochet - A loose, open knit made by looping thread with a hooked needle. Used for light, summer sweaters.

Crocking - The rubbing-off of dye from a fabric.

Casement Cloth - A light weight textile made in a combination of fibers usually dyed in light neutral colors.

Cashmere - A natural fiber obtained from the soft fleecy undergrowth of the Kashmir goat.  A luxury fiber with a very soft hand.

Challis - A lightweight, soft plain weave fabric with a slightly brushed surface. The fabric is often printed, usually in a floral pattern. Challis is most often seen in fabrics made of cotton, wool, or rayon.

Chambray - A plain woven fabric that can be made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers, but is most commonly cotton. It incorporates a colored warp (often blue) and white filling yarns.

Chantilly Lace - This lace has a net background, and the pattern is created by embroidering with thread and ribbon to create floral designs. The pattern has areas of design that are very dense, and the pattern if often outlined with heavier cords or threads.

Charm Quilt - A quilt made of many, many small patches (traditionally 2” or so) where each piece is a different fabric. The pattern is usually a one patch design and often involves swaps and trades with friends to gather many fabrics.

Charmuese - A luxurious, supple silky fabric with a shiny satin face and a dull back. Generally either silk, rayon, or polyester.

Check - A pattern consisting of crossed horizontal and vertical bands in two or more colors in a woven cloth, can be found in upholstery, multipurpose or drapery weight fabrics.

Cheesecloth - A lightweight, sheer, plainwoven fabric with a very soft texture. It may be natural colored, bleached, or dyed.

Chenille - A fuzzy yarn whose pile resembles a caterpillar. Used mainly for decorative fabrics, embroidery, tassels and rugs. Sometimes used broadly to define a fabric woven from chenille yarns.

Chevron - Very similar to a flame stitch, but found mostly in multi-purpose weight prints. The chevron is not an embroidered flame stitch, but is composed of zigzag lines that are printed onto the fabric. Can be found in an array of colors and printed on different fabric grounds, ranging from cotton, linen, rayon and polyester.

Chiffon - Lightweight, extremely sheer and airy fabric, containing highly twisted fibers.

Chinoiserie - A Chinese decorative style that was extremely popular in France and exemplified by its vogue in England especially during the reign of Queen Anne.

Chintz - A plainweave fabric, which has been glazed to produce a polished look. Fabric must be dry cleaned as the glazing will wash off the machine laundering.  

Chite - Painted linens that originated in Chitta (India) in the 17th century.

Color Flag - A series of small swatches attached to a large full patterned sample which illustrates the complete color line or colorways.

Color Line - The range of available colors of a solid or printed fabric.

Contemporary - An upholstery, multipurpose or drapery weight fabric that has a modern look to the design and pattern. Often characterized by geometric or abstract shapes and designs. Can come in a magnitude of different color ways.

Contract - Heavy duty wearing material, made to certain specifications, for example, particular flammability codes or abrasion resistance. The end use is normally hospitality or public places. For contract use, a fabric must meet a minimum abrasion resistance of 30, 000 double rubs.

Cord - Cords consist of plied yarns (plies) that have been twisted together. Cords are frequently used in place of fabric welting.

Corduroy - A cloth made with cut pile ribs (or wales) running the length or width of the fabric. The ribs are produced by wefts yarns that are carried over the fabric face and then cut.  

Cotton - A white vegetable fiber grown in warmer climates in many parts of the world, has been used to produce many types of fabric for hundreds of years. Cotton fabric feels good against the skin regardless of the temperature or the humidity.

Crepe - Used to describe all kinds of fabrics; wool, cotton, silk, rayon, synthetics and blends that have a crinkle, crimped or grained surface.

Crepe Charmeuse - A smooth, soft luster fabric of grenadine silk warp and filling, with latter given crepe twist. It has the body and drape of satin.

Crepe de Chine - Silk crepe de Chine has a slightly crinkly surface created with highly twisted fibers.  

Crepe-back Satin - A satin fabric in which highly twisted yarns are used in the filling direction. The floating yarns are made with low twists and may be either high or low luster. If the crepe effect is the right side of the fabric, the fabric is called satin back crepe.

Crewel - A true crewel fabric is embroidered with crewel yam loosely twisted, two-ply wool on a plain weave fabric. Traditional crewel fabrics are hand woven and embroidered in India. The design motif for crewel work is typically outlines of flowers, vines, and leaves, in one or many colors. Modern weaving technology and inventive designers create traditional “crewel” looks with weave effects alone, without the use of embroidery.

Crocheted - Loose, open knit made by looping thread with a hooked needle.  

Denim - A twill weave cotton fabric made with different colored yarns in the warp and the weft. Due to the twill construction, one color predominates on the fabric surface.  

Digital Strike Off - A method to produce a computer generated fabric strike off of a new design without cutting screens.

Direct Dyes - A category of dyes that are used on cellulosics and need no fixatives to secure them to the fabric.

Dobby - A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure.

Dobby Loom - A type of loom on which small geometric figures can be woven in as a regular pattern. Originally this type of loom needed a “dobby boy” who sat on the top of the loom and drew up warp threads to form a pattern. Now the weaving is done entirely by machine. This loom differs from a plain loom in that it may have up to thirty two harnesses and pattern chain. This is an expensive form of weaving.

Document - A term used to describe fabric reproductions of original textile and wallpaper patterns. These reproductions may be exact replicas, or adaptations incorporating current colors, proportions, or textures.

Doeskin - Generally applied to fabric with a low nap that is brushed in one direction to create a soft suede like hand on the fabric front.   

Dotted Swiss - A lightweight, sheer cotton or cotton blend fabric with a small dot flock like pattern either printed on the surface of the fabric, or woven into the fabric.

Double Cloth - A fabric construction, in which two fabrics are woven on the loom at the same time, one on top of the other. In the weaving process, the two layers of woven fabric are held together using binder threads. The woven patterns in each layer of fabric can be similar or completely different.

Double Knit - A weft knit fabric in which two layers of loops are formed that cannot be separated. A double knit machine, which has two complete sets of needles, is required for this construction.

Drill - Strong, medium to heavyweight, warp faced, twill weave fabric.

Duck - A tightly woven, heavy, plain weave, bottom weight fabric with a hard, durable finish. The fabric is usually made of cotton.

Dupioni Silk - A crisp fabric with irregular slubs.  

Duragard - Soil and stain repellent treatment. A chemical finish is applied on the surface of the fabric and create an invisible protection which prevents liquid or stain to penetrate the fiber which makes it much easier to remove the soil and stain.

Decitex - The international standard for yarn weight measurement. Decitex is defined as the weight in grams of 10,000 meters of yarn.

Denier - This is a weight measurement of filament yarns and fibers. Low numbers represent finer sizes and higher numbers the heavier yarns.

Double knit - This is a knit fabric of double weight.

Double-needle stitched - Used for sleeves or lower hems. It is a two needle process that creates parallel rows of visible stitching.

Drapability - This refers to the fabrics feel based on the body or hanging. It's how the fabric will appear hanging and draping. The more refined it looks the better the drapability.

Elasticity - The ability of a fiber to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.

Embossing - A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.

Embroidery - An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.

Eyelet - Fabric with patterned cutouts, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.

Effect Thread - A significantly different yarn from the main yarn being used to make the garment is placed in the fabric as a highlight or effect.

Encapsulation - A process in which the fibers of a fabric are coated with a filmy substance to create certain high performance qualities, such as breathability.

End-on-end - A process using arranged warp yarns with one end of color and one end of white alternating.

Enzyme washed - This is a washing process using organic enzymes to create a washed or aged effect in the fabric pr dyes.

Faille - A glossy, soft, finely ribbed, silk like woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers.

Faux Fur - Artificial fur made from synthetic material.

Felt - A nonwoven fabric made from wool, hair, or fur, and sometimes in combination with certain manufactured fibers, where the fibers are locked together in a process utilizing heat, moisture, and pressure to form a compact material.   

Flannel - Usually a 100% cotton fabric that has been brushed on one or both sides for softness.   

Flax - The plant from which cellulosic linen fiber is obtained.  

Fleece - Synthetic knit fabric that stretches across the grain.

Foil - A thin piece of material put under another material to add color or brilliance.

Foulard - A lightweight twillweave fabric, made from filament yarns like silk, acetate, polyester, with a small all over print pattern on a solid background.

Face - This simply refers to the finer, more printable surface of the fabric that is used as the outside. It is the more finished side of the fabric.

Facing - An extra piece of fabric stitched into the inside of a garment for lining purposes or to add strength and structure.

Feed stripe - A knit fabric where a stripe pattern is produced by the way colored yarns are fed into the knitting machine. This is also known as yarn dyed.

Filament - This can be a very small, thin spun thread or fiber.

Finish - This generally refers to the processes used to make fabrics. Bleaching, mercerizing, steaming, singeing, and dyeing are all finishing processes.

Full Cut - This is the size scale of the brand. For instance a size large in one brand may be bigger than the same size in a different brand. The larger cut may be said to be a full cut.

Frieze - A strong, durable, heavy warp yarn pile fabric. The pile is made by the over wire method to create a closed loop pile.

Gabardine - A worsted twill weave that is wrinkle resistant.  

Gauze - A sheer, open weave fabric usually cotton or silk.

Georgette - A drapery woven fabric created from highly twisted yarns creating a pebbly texture.

Gimp - Gimps are flat, narrow, woven textiles made in many styles. One or both edges of a gimp can plain or cut or have scalloped loops.

Gingham - A medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern.  

Gossamer - Very soft, gauze like veiling originally of silk.

Gravure Cylinder - A method of printing paper through the use of an engraved copper plate.

Grois Point - A fabric which features large points of yarn on the surface of the fabric.

Grosgrain - A tightly woven, firm, warp faced fabric with heavy, round filling ribs created by a high warp count and coarse filling yarns. Grosgrain can be woven as a narrow ribbon or a full width fabric.

Garment dyed - This means the product is dyed after being processed into a shirt as opposed to being dyed in bulk on a roll known as a bolt.

Garment washed - This is just a prewash which preshrinks and softens the finished garment.

Gusset - An added extra piece of fabric in a seam or joint such as an armpit area to provide added ability for movement.

Habutai - A soft, lightweight silk fabric, is heavier than China silk.

Hand - Literally, the feel of the goods in the hand, a qualitive term used to describe the tactile properties of a fabric.

Heather - A yarn that is spun using predyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. The term, heather, may also be used to describe the fabric made from heathered yarns.

Herringbone - A variation on the twill weave construction in which the twill is reversed, or broken, at regular intervals, producing a zig zag effect.

Houndstooth Check - A variation on the twill weaves construction in which a broken check effect is produced by a variation in the pattern of interlacing yams, utilizing at least two different colored yams.

Ikat - A method of printing woven fabric by tie dying warp yarns, the weft yarns or both before weaving. The Ikat pattern resembles a tribal pattern and is usually very bright and bold. Can be found in multi purpose or upholstery weight fabrics.

Imberline - An effect produced by laying a variety of colors in the warp which reveals a stripe running through the overall design of the fabric.  

Interlining - An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric, either sewn to the wrong side of the lining or the inner side of the outer shell fabric.

Interlock Knit - Also known as Tshirt knit. It usually has stretch across the grain.  

Iridescent - A color effect created by weaving warp ends of one color and a weft of another color. The taffeta weave creates the best iridescent effects.

Irish Poplin - There are two types of Irish poplin: (1) Originally a fabric constructed with silk warp and wool filling in plain weave with fine rib. (2) Fine linen or cotton shirting also made in Ireland.


Jacquard - Intricate method of weaving invented by Joesph J.M. Jacquard in the years 1801-1804, in which a head motion at the top of the loom holds and operates a set of punched cards, according to the motif desired. The perforations in the cards, in connection with the rods and cords, regulate the raising of the stationary warp thread mechanisms. Jacquard knitting is a development of the Jacquard loom and its principles. Jacquard fabrics, simple or elaborate in design, include brocade, brocatelle, damask, neckwear, evening wear, formal attire, some shirting's, tapestries, etc.

Jersey Fabric - Usually thinner or lighter weight than interlock knit with less stretch.  

Jute - A base fiber, chiefly from India, used primarily for gunny sacks, bags, cordage, and binding threads in carpets and rugs.

Jersey knit - This is a type of knit fabric with two visibly different sides. It is a plain stitch, single knit fabric.

Jersey Stitch - A basic stitch used in weft knitting, in which each loop formed in the knit is identical.

Kapok - A short, lightweight, cotton like, vegetable fiber found in the seed pods of the Bombocaceae tree. Because of its brittle quality, it is generally not spun. However, its buoyancy and moisture resistance makes it ideal for use in cushions, mattresses, and life jackets.

Khaki - A tan or dusty colored warp face twill, softer and finer than drill. Name derived from East India word meaning “earth color”. Fabric made of cotton, linen, wool, worsted, or manmade fibers and blends.

Knit Fabrics - Fabrics made from only one set of yarns, all running in the same direction. Some knits have their yarns running along the length of the fabric, while others have their yarns running across the width of the fabric. Knit fabrics are held together by looping the yarns around each other. Knitting creates ridges in the resulting fabric. Wales are the ridges that run lengthwise in the fabric, courses run crosswise.

Knit-de-Knit - A type of yarn texturizing in which a crimped yarn is made by knitting the yarn into a fabric, and then heat setting the fabric. The yarn is then unraveled from the fabric and used in this permanently crinkled form.

La Coste - A double knit fabric made with a combination of knit and tuck stitches to create a mesh like appearance. It is often a cotton or cotton/polyester blend.

Lace - An openwork fabric with yarns that are twisted around each other to form complex patterns of figures. Lace may be hand or machine made by a variety of fabrication methods including weaving, knitting, crocheting, and knotting.

Lame - A woven fabric using flat silver or gold metal threads to create either the design or the background in the fabric.

Lawn - A light, fine cloth made using carded or combed linen or cotton yarns. The fabric has a crease-resistant, crisp finish. Linen lawn is synonymous with handkerchief linen. Cotton lawn is a similar type of fabric, which can be white, solid colored, or printed.

Leather - Animal skin dressed for use in clothing.

Leatherette - A simulated leather.

Linen - A natural plant fiber, linen fibers are stronger and more lustrous than cotton.   

Lisere - The design is created by colored warp threads brought up on the face of the fabric, leaving loose yarns on the back woven vertically, which gives it a vertical stripe effect. Liseres are Victorian in appearance and have embroidered style patterns.

Loden Cloth - A heavily fulled or felted fabric originating in Austrian Tyrol. Wool may be blended with camel hair or alpaca. Thick, soft, waterproof without chemical treatment.  

Loomstate - Goods as they come off the loom before converting/finishing. Called gray or griege.

Lycra - A DuPont trademark for its spandex fiber. Any time you see this fiber listed on a label, expect comfort, movement, and shape retention that won't wash away.

Madras - A lightweight plain weave cotton fabric with a striped, plaid, or checked pattern. A true madras will bleed when washed. This type of fabric is usually imported from India.  

Marabou - A thrown silk usually dyed in the gum or a fabric made of this silk.

Matelasse - A medium to heavyweight luxury fabric made in a double cloth construction to create a blistered or quilted surface.  

Melton - A heavyweight, dense, compacted, and tightly woven wool or wool blend fabric used mainly for coats.

Merino - A type of wool that originates from pure bred Merino sheep. The best Merino wool comes from Italy.

Mesh - A type of fabric characterized by its net like open appearance and the spaces between the yarns. Mesh is available in a variety of constructions including wovens, knits, laces, or crocheted fabrics.

Microfibers - An extremely fine synthetic fiber that can be woven into textiles with the texture and drape of natural fiber cloth but with enhanced washability, breathability, and water repellancy.

Mohair - Hair fibers from the Angora goat.   

Moiree - A corded fabric, usually made from silk or one of the manufactured fibers, which has a distinctive water marked wavy pattern on the face of the fabric.

Moleskin - It resists wrinkling and has a beautiful sueded look on the face. The reverse has a satiny look and feel.

Monk's Cloth - A heavy weight cotton fabric utilizing the basket weave variation of the plain weave. Used for draperies and slip covers, monk's cloth is an example of 4 x 4 basket weave. It has poor dimensional stability and tends to snag.

Muslin - An inexpensive, medium weight, plain weave, low count (less than 160 threads per square inch) cotton sheeting fabric. In it's unfinished form, it is commonly used in fashion design to make trial garments for preliminary fit.

Marled yarn - Here two single yarns of different colors are twisted together. This is a common mottled effect in sweaters.

Mercerized - This is a finishing process for cotton yarn or fabric that increases shine, strength and luster. This produces an increased ability for the fabric to absorb dye colors.

Mineral Dyes - These are natural dyestuffs made from minerals including ocher, limestone, manganese, cinnabar, azurite, and malachite.

Nano-Tex - Nano-Tex protects your home textiles with soft, durable applications that provide the right balance of comfort and performance. Nano-Tex brings innovative solutions that resist spills, repel stains, and keep you static-free. For more information, please visit www.nanotex.com

Natural Fiber - Any textile fiber manufactured from an animal or vegetable source. Cotton, linen, silk and wool are the foremost examples.

Needlepoint - Hand embroidery in petit or gros point stitch on a canvas foundation.

Net - Refers to any open construction fabric whether it is created by weaving, knitting, knotting, or another method.

Nylon - A synthetic fiber known for its resistance to abrasion, inherent elasticity and strength which makes it ideal for use in upholstery fabrics. Nylon fabrics have a tendency to pill easily and to attract surface soil.

Nap - A soft finish given to fabric where the fibers are raised or "fuzzy" by brushing. This produces a soft feel to the surface.

Neck tape - An extra band of fabric material sewn over the seam between the body and the collar of a garment for a more comfortable feel.

Non-woven fabrics - Fabric or other materials that are produced by interlocking or gluing fabrics together.

Oilcloth - Sheetings or printcloth that are printed, bleached, or dyed, and given a special linseed oil and pigment preparation.    

Oilskin - A cotton linen, silk, or manmade material treated with linseed oil varnish for waterproofing.

Ombre - A fabric made by laying in wefts of yarn that are closely colored hues that after weaving created a shaded effect.   

Organdy - A stiffened, sheer, lightweight plain weave fabric, usually cotton or polyester.

Organza - A crisp, sheer, lightweight plain weave fabric, with a medium to high yarn count, made of silk, rayon, nylon, or polyester.

Ottoman knit  - A heavy, plain weave fabric with wide, flat crosswise ribs that are larger and higher than in faille. It sometimes comes with alternating narrow and wide ribs. When made of narrow ribs only, it is called soleil. Warp may be silk or manmade fiber, filling may be cotton, silk, wool, or manmade fiber.

Outline Quilting - A hand guided quilting in which the stitching follows the motifs of the design in a printed fabric.

Oxford - A fine, soft, lightweight woven cotton or blended with manufactured fibers in a 2 x 1 basket weave variation of the plain weave construction.

One x One Rib - This is a type of garment fabric where each rib is the same width as the space between each rib. This knitting helps the garment retain elasticity.

Paisley - A tear drop shaped, fancy printed pattern. Paisley motifs have been described as a pine cone, mango, pear and teardrop.

Peau de Soie - A heavy twill weave drapeable satin fabric, made of silk or a manufactured fiber. It is used to weave some of the popular quilting fabrics which have a silk like hand.

Percale - A superior quality plain weave cloth of closely set combed and carded long staple cotton.

Petit Point - A needle point stitch made on canvas with one foundation thread in contrast to two or more threads of a gros point.

Pick - A filing thread or yarn that runs crosswise or horizontally in woven goods. The pick interlaces with the warp to form a woven cloth.

Piece Dyed - Cloth that is dyed in a vat by the bolt (full piece) after weaving.

Pill - A fuzzy ball caused by the rolling up of abraded surface fibers.

Pique - A medium weight cotton or cotton blend fabric with a pebbly weave that looks almost like a check.

Plisse - A lightweight, plain weave, fabric, made from cotton, rayon, or acetate, and characterized by a puckered striped effect, usually in the warp direction. The crinkled effect is created through the application of a caustic soda solution, which shrinks the fabric in the areas of the fabric where it is applied. Plisse is similar in appearance to seersucker.

Plush - A compactly woven fabric with warp pile higher than that of velvet. Made of cotton, wool, silk, or manmade fiber, often woven as double face fabric and then sheared apart. Higher pile gives bristly texture. Usually piece dyed but may be printed.   

Ply - The number of yarns twisted together to make a composite yarn.

Pointelle - Very feminine, delicate looking, rib knit fabric made with a pattern of openings.

Peach wash finish - A fuzzy like finish applied to washed poplin. It creates a light nap for a soft feel.

Permeability - A textile characteristic which allows air, water, and water vapor to penetrate and pass through it.

Picot - This is a small embroidered loop which forms an ornamental edging on a ribbon and lace.

Pigment dye - These are washed down colors that continue to soften with washing.

Pile fabric - This is a fabric like a towel that has cut fibers or uncut loops which stand up densely on the surface. Velvet is an example of this as well.

Pique - A type of knit fabric with raised lengthwise "cords" which are a part of the weave.

Plain weave - The standard crossed method of weaving cloth.

Ply - The number of single yarns used to create ply yarn. It may also refer to the number of ply yarns used to make cord.

Polyester - A synthetic fiber which is the most commonly used manufactured fiber worldwide. The fiber-forming substance in polyester is any longchain, synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of an ester of dihydric alcohol and terephthalic acid.

Poplin - A fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave. The construction is characterized by having a slight ridge effect in one direction, usually the filling.  

Quilting - A fabric construction in which a layer of down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric, and then held in place by stitching or sealing in a regular, consistent, all over pattern on the goods.

Railroad - To turn a fabric in a direction where the selvages are in a horizontal postion. In a plain fabric or when the design is non directional, you can avoid making seams when the width of the goods will accommodate the height required. Some upholstery fabrics are designed in this manner to be used exclusively for furniture.

Ramie - A base fiber, similar to flax, taken from the stalk of a plant grown in China.

Rayon - A natural fiber created from wood pulp, it usually has good drape and a soft hand.  

Repeat - One complete pattern of the fabric measured vertically and/or horizontally.

Ripstop Nylon - A lightweight, wind resistant, and water resistant fabric.  

Roller Printing - A technique first developed in 1783 done with engraved metal cylinders. Each color of the design requires a separate cylinder. Sometimes referred to as cylinder or machine printing.

Rotary Screen Printing - A process where the cloth moves under a machine operated series of fast moving tubes. The dyes are exuded from the inside through the pattern which perforates the tube. Each color requires a separate tube.

Raglan sleeves - These are sleeves that are all cut from one piece from collar to cuff.

Rayon - A manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose, derived from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other vegetable matter.

Recovery - The ability of a fabric to return to its original shape after being stretched.

Rib knit - A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines.

Ring spun yarn - This is yarn made by twisting a thinning rope of cotton fibers. It creates a yarn where the fibers stand out and provide a softer hand.

Running stitch - Sequential stitching that goes in a single direction.

Sateen Fabric - A fabric made from yarns with low luster, such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle, subtle luster.  

Satin - With a lustrous, shiny surface, drapability depends on fiber content. Silk and rayon satins have the best stitch results.

Satin Weave - A basic weave where the face of the fabric is almost entirely warp threads on the surface.

Screen - An open mesh area which has been stamped out to form a pattern.

Screen Printing - A hand or machine table printing process in which a stenciled screen held in a frame is positioned on the cloth and color is applied with a squeeze. Separate screens are required for each color of the pattern.

Seersucker - A fabric with a woven pucker, this fabric is traditionally cotton, but can be polyester.

Selvage - The edge on either side of a woven or flat knitted fabric, often of different threads and/or weave, so finished to prevent raveling.

Sequined - Ornamented with a small plate of shining metal or plastic.

Sheer - Any very light weight fabric (e.g. chiffon, georgette, voile, sheer crepe). Usually has an open weave.

Silk - A natural filament fiber produced by the silkworm in the construction of its cocoon. Most silk is collected from cultivated worms, Tussah silk, or wild silk, is a thicker, shorter fiber produced by worms in their natural habitat.   

Silk Shantung - Similar to Dupioni silk, Shantung has a more refined appearance with smaller slubs.  

Sisal - A strong base fiber that originates from the leaves of the Agave plant, which is found in the West Indies, Central America, and Africa.

Solid - An upholstery, multipurpose or drapery weight fabric consisting of no pattern or repeat. The fabric is usually one colorway but can resemble a two tone in some cases.

Spandex - A manufactured elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still recover to its original length.

Strie - A very fine irregular streaked effect made by a slight variance in the color of warp yarns.  

Strike - Off – A trial sample of printed fabric made to indicate and verify color and pattern before printing quantity.

Substrate - Refers to base cloth or ground cloth for printing.

Suede - Leather with a napped surface.

Surah - A light weight, lustrous twill weave constructed fabric with a silk like hand.  It is available in silk, polyester, and rayon.

Suzani - A heavy and soft upholstery weight textile in a jacquard weave. Surface appears puffy or cushioned. The pattern can vary in size or shape and can have multiple colorways.

Synthetic Fabric - Fabric made of man made fibers. Examples are polyester, Avora and nylon.

Sand wash - This is a method where the fabric is washed with sand to soften and give a distressed look.

Seam sealing - Here the stitch line of a garment is made sealed by the application of seam tape or glue.

Set-in sleeve - Sleeves made to go from the shoulder to the cuff.

Serge - One of the oldest basic terms in textiles, it now implies any smooth face cloth made with a two-up and two-down twill weave.

Shot effect - A color effect produced in fabrics woven with a warp yarn of one colour and a weft yarn of a contrasting color.

Shrinkage - This is the amount in size lost during the washing of cotton Most 100% cotton products have been pre-washed or pre-shrunk. After that a 4-5% shrinkage should be expected.

Silicone washed - A method of washing fabrics using silicone that increases softness similar to sand washing.

Singeing - Process of burning off protruding fibers from fabrics to give the fabric a smooth surface.

Space dye - An irregular dyeing process where one strand receives a color at irregular intervals.

Stain repellent - The ability of a fabric to resist wetting and staining by water.

Stain resistance - A fiber or fabric property of resisting spots and stains.

Stone wash - This is a method where the fabric is washed with stones to soften and give a distressed look.

Storm Shell - Wind proof, wind resistant outerwear.

T.S.O. - Table strike off generated at mill.

Tabby - A plain weave construction in which one warp thread passes over and under a single weft thread. The threads of the warp and weft are of the same size and set with the same number per square inch thereby resulting in a balanced weave.

Table Printing - A form of screen printing in which the cloth is stretched and secured to the top of a table and the screens are moved down the table either by hand or machine, pattern repeat by pattern repeat.

Taffeta - With a crisp hand, taffeta is typically used for formal wear like gowns and fuller skirts.   

Tapestry - A heavy, often hand woven, ribbed fabric, featuring an elaborate design depicting a historical or current pictorial display. The weft-faced fabric design is made by using colored filling yarns, only in areas where needed, that are worked back and forth over spun warp yarns, which are visible on the back.

Tarpaulin - A waterproofed canvas sometimes made of nylon or other manmade fiber.

Tassel - Tassels come in all sizes, shapes and forms. A hanging ornament consisting of a head and a skirt of cut yarn, looped yarns, or bullion fringe.

Tassel Trim - A plain or decorative gimp with attached tassels.

Terry Cloth - Unclipped, looped pile, 100% cotton terry cloth is highly absorbent.  

Ticking - Originally hand woven of linen as covering for feather mattresses, the characteristic herringbone weave was intended to keep feathers in and ticks out. A closely woven cotton in a twill or satin weave, and usually with woven (sometimes printed) stripes.

Toile - A type of decorating pattern consisting of a white or off white background on which a repeated pattern depicting a fairly complex scene, generally of a pastoral theme such as ( for example) a couple having a picnic by a lake. The pattern portion consists of a single color, most often black, dark red, or blue.

Tweed - A medium to heavy weight, fluffy, woolen, twill weave fabric containing colored slubbed yarns.

Taffetta - A basic plain weave that is sharp and smooth on both sides. It most often has a sheen. The warp and filling are of approximately same count.

Taped seams - A strip of extra fabric stitched into the seam of a garment in order to prevent distortion or with outerwear, aid in waterproofing.

Tear strength - The force necessary to tear a fabric, measured by the force necessary to start or continue a tear in a fabric.

Texturing - This is the method of blowing a jet of air on a fiber to give it a rough, matte finish. This gives the fabric a feel of being thicker and heavier.

Twill - A fabric weave which is made of 2 to 3 warp yarns or threads for each weft. The weave is a diagonal ribbing with many variations. Types are flannels; serges, gabardines, and surahs.

Ultrasuede - An imitation suede fabric composed of polyester microfibers combined with polyurethane foam in a non woven structure. Hand and appearance resemble sheep suede.

Union Cloth - A cloth most often used for printing that is woven with blended yarns. The filler is usually twisted linen and cotton and the warp is generally cotton.

Velour - Usually with a knitted back, velour resembles velvet, but has some stretch.  

Velvet - With a longer pile, velvet is the most luxurious fabric. Stretch velvet has some lycra, it can be machine washed and will not create a shine in the seat or elbows.

Velveteen - A cotton or cotton blend fabric with a short, dense pile. It lacks the sheen and drape of velvet.  

Venice Lace - This lace often has a high profile, and is made using a needlepoint technique rather than embroidery. A heavier weight lace, the patterns vary from geometric to floral. Each pattern is attached to the others by bars made of thread.

Viscose - The most common type of rayon. It is produced in much greater quantity than cuprammonium rayon, the other commercial type.

Voile - A crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton like fabric, similar in appearance to organdy and organza.   

Waffle Cloth - Similar to pique in texture. Waffle cloth has a honeycomb weave made on dobby loom. Usually made of cotton.

Warp or End - The threads of a textile that run vertically through the loom and are parallel to the selvage.

Warp Print - A fabric where the design has been printed on the warp before it has been woven. This results in a pattern with an indistinct image similar to the technique of impressionist painting.

Weft or Filling - The horizontal yarns in a cloth which run selvage to selvage across the fabric.

Wet Print/Direct Print - Colors are printed directly onto the fabric in the same manner as the printing of wallpaper or newspaper. There must be one screen for each color.

Wool - Wool is naturally stain and wrinkle resistant. It can absorb up to 40% of it's weight in moisture without feeling damp. Wool comes in many forms including crepe, challis, gabardine, merino, melton, jersey and worsted wool suitings.

Wool Crepe - A lightweight worsted fabric with a more or less crinkly appearance, obtained by using warp yarns that are tightly twisted in alternate directions.   

Woven - Woven fabrics are produced from virtually all types of textile fibers and threads. The fabric is produced by weaving the perpendicular threads, the warp and weft. The fabric is very durable and is most commonly found in upholstery weight goods.

Warp - The lengthwise yarn found in woven fabric. The warp is stronger as well as denser than the weft yarns, (crosswise yarns).

Water repellent - Fabrics that have been treated with a finish which cause them to shed water and resist water penetration, but are still air-permeable.

Water resistant - Fabric treated chemically to resist water or given a "wax- coating treatment" to make it repellent.

Weft - The horizontal or crosswise threads that intersect the warp threads in woven fabrics.

Weight - The actual weight of the fabric usually measured in ounces per yard.

Welded shell - The outer layer of a bonded or welded garment, such as a jacket.

Welt - This is a pocket opening finishing treatment. It is a cut and sewn piece of fabric used to finish the pocket opening.

Wicking - This is the fabrics ability to "brush off" or disburse water. It's ability to not absorb water or moisture.

Wind Resistant - The ability of a fabric to act against or oppose the penetration of wind or air, but it is not totally windproof.

Wrinkle Free - A resistance to wrinkling created through the use of a variety of finishes and treatments.

Yarn - A continuous strand of textile fibers created when a cluster of individual fibers are twisted together. These long yarns are used to create fabrics, either by knitting, plaiting, or weaving.

Yarn dyed - Here the color pattern is made by the dye in the threads or yarns which is dyed before weaving or knitting. Plaids, checkered or striped fabric are woven with this yarn to create the pattern.

The Future of Fashion

Jul 4, 2017
The Future of Fashion
View Full Size
The fashion industry’s impact on technology has not yet surpassed its high point of 1804 with the invention of the mechanical loom. As the world’s first programmed machine, the Jacquard loom revolutionised manufacturing, predating and inspiring Babbage’s inventions, and forming the basis for modern computing.

In the intervening centuries, the fashion industry, now valued at $2.4 trillion, has not relied on research and development to stay competitive and today’s manufacturing would be familiar to any 19th-century Luddite.

“We make a shirt the same way we did 100 years ago and it’s insulting,” according to Kevin Plank, founder of sportswear brand Under Armour. But this is set to change. Mr Plank, among others, is asking: “How can we use technologies to make a better product and produce it more efficiently?”

Forced to innovate

Inertia around innovation in fashion is lifting. Forced by the encroachment of companies such as Amazon, which hopes with the acquisition of a made-to-order manufacturing system to increase its market share from 6.6 to 16 per cent by 2021, the industry is upping its game.

Tech giants, including Google (working with Levis) and Intel (Hussein Chalayan and Opening Ceremony), are seeking partnerships with fashion brands in a bid to scope out the next manifestation rivalling the smartphone. Fabrics with circuitry and sensing capabilities woven into their fibres could be an answer, turning human bodies into dispersed computers.

Meanwhile, after years in stealth mode, a quiet revolution in biotech is finally bringing new materials to market that will transform manufacturing. Instead of stitching components of clothing with needle and thread, by 2025 a garment could be grown in the laboratory with DNA.

Sustainability challenges

Looming behind this innovation is an impending crisis over resources and a long shadow cast by the industry’s dire environmental record, which positions fashion as second among the world’s most polluting industries after oil. A pair of jeans requires 7,000 litres of water to produce and tons of chemicals to dye. Annually, 60 billion square metres of cut-off material is discarded on factory floors. And a high-consumption, low-value model means that three in four garments, from an industry producing 80 billion each year, end up in landfill.

Alarmingly, synthetic fabrics – the 20th century’s main contribution to material innovation – could be more damaging to marine life than microbeads, which were recently banned from cosmetics. According to the University of New South Wales, microfibres from clothing such as fleece enter the water system through washing, make up 85 per cent of human-made debris on shorelines and are now entering food chains.

Instead of stitching components of clothing with needle and thread, by 2025 a garment could be grown in the laboratory with DNA

“Technology can enable sustainability,” says fashion technologist Amanda Parkes, and it’s a view that is increasingly shared across the industry. Dr Parkes recently joined Fashion Tech Lab, founded this year by Russian entrepreneur Miroslava Dumas, which will bridge the divide between fashion and technology, driving investment and product development, and creating partnerships between tech companies and big brands in luxury.

Couture, Dr Parkes notes, has the capacity to bear high costs of research and in surprising ways shares similarities with original science as its output is time intensive, its value is predicated on scarcity, and it is very expensive to produce. Indeed, in the luxury sector sustainability is fast beginning to occupy a position of cachet once held by artisanship and craft.

Looking ahead

The falling cost of biotech has caused a surge in material innovation. For millennia, humans have fashioned animal hides to make clothing, but New York based biofabrication company Modern Meadow designs, grows and assembles collagen into biofabricated leather materials. It is working with several major brands to make bespoke biofabricated materials of varying textures, stretch and thickness. These will be years in development, but the platform could be revolutionary.

“The way we construct our material means we can roll several separate processes into one, creating massive savings on water, energy and chemicals, like dyes and treatments,” says Suzanne Lee, Modern Meadow’s chief creative officer.

They will join exceptionally strong and lightweight fabrics made from spider silk, which have mythologised as far back as the Greek Fable of Arachne. Japan-based Spiber has made a one-off jacket with North Face, German AMSilk has produced sneakers for adidas and Californian Bolt Threads is working on an outdoor range for Patagonia. If taken up across the industry, the potential for system change could be enormous.

In a bid to break current manufacturing and supply models, mass-market brands such as adidas, along with Uniqlo and Under Armour, are experimenting with in-store made-to-order 3D printing for shoe soles, and 3D knitting for shoe uppers and garments. At the same time, the world’s first fully automated garment making machinery, Sewbo, hopes to make fashion a high-tech industry and even return production to the United States.

Tech-enhanced apparel could address one of the most fundamental functions of clothing in temperature-controlled textiles, which Dr Parkes predicts are not far off. “The whole point of wearing clothes is to regulate your body temperature and protect you,” she says. “Anything that can warm or cool as you need is obviously incredibly useful.” But function in fashion is intimately entwined with aesthetics, and she believes designers and engineers have a lot to learn from one another.

While engineers understand technical potential, they know less about the wear of fabric and consumer appeal. Talent manager and founder of Fashion Tech Forum, Karen Harvey, expects hybrid companies to employ both engineers and designers as they vie for advantage. “Technologists need to recognise that beauty matters if they want to be in fashion. And we don’t need to sacrifice one for the other,” she concludes.

by :  https://www.raconteur.net/business/the-future-of-fashion

New Sports Clothing Technology: The Future Performance Of Athletes

Jun 26, 2017
New Sports Clothing Technology: The Future Performance Of Athletes
View Full Size
With the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro just five months away, we now start making a flashback on the history of the games and end up noticing that the athletes are getting stronger and have been breaking record after record as time goes by.

And this is directly related to technological advancements. Not only in the field of training, with high precision equipments and researches on the performance of the human body, but also in the nutrition care area, which can, through research, get to the right nutrients to promote increase lean mass, energy and the like.

giphy(6)However, there’s an industry that deserves some highlight. That’s Fashion. That’s right! Fabrics to enhance the athletes’ performance have been developed for their apparel.

No matter the purpose: if it’s either transferring heat from the tee to the environment, promoting higher cushioning to their feet, or even giving their muscles more support.

The point is that the tee or shorts you wear could be contributing, a lot, when it comes to lifting more weight at the gym, or to running faster in a marathon.

All this technology, also developed for amateur athletes, stands out because of the increasing number of people doing sports. Nowadays we’re more inclined to lots of activities and sports, not to mention the traditional weight training at the gym, as well as cross fit, martial arts and running clubs.

“We’ve never before seen or discussed physical activities and body care so much as we have in the past few years”. And the girls are not the only ones. Men have been more dedicated than ever to aesthetics, health and well-being”, points Larissa Temple, product manager at The North Face, in Brazil.

Larissa adds that Brazil is ranked second place worldwide in number of gym members, exceeding 30 thousand clubs nationwide, and such growth is likely to remain in the coming years.
Good fabric, Great Performance

young muscular athlete is at the start of the treadmill at the stadiumFor that reason, when we step into a sportswear store these days, we are faced with endless possibilities. Each of the apparel items and accessories has its own purpose and brings good results in different sport modalities.

That’s why I have looked for the biggest sportswear brands to find more about the technology behind the clothes we wear to do our activities.

I’ve succeeded in my search, as I’ve reached The North Face, Nike and Under Armour. All of them bring not only freshness to the market, but also lots of technology.
Little heat and fast dry

This is what Under Armour promises in 2016. According to Bruno Abilel, their marketing director, with this technology called CoolSwitch, athletes will be able to cool their bodies and fight heat.

foto POUCO CALOR“With a technology that is applied directly to the fabrics and agents that promote faster moisture absorption making you feel the cool of a mint”, he adds.

Another technology is called Streaker: it contains low water absorption, fast dry and anti-shrink polyester that promotes cotton like comfort. I have to admit that I’m quite eager to try each of these technologies.
Protection against the cold

The North Face also brings a similar technology. It’s called Flashdry™ and it consists of a fiber that’s incorporated into the fabric – that is, it doesn’t wash out – which transfers the body moisture to an external layer, improving evaporation and keeping the athlete dry and comfortable during their performance.

foto FRIO“The fabric is present in several products of the brand, like accessories, apparel and footwear of the Trail Run, Ski & Snowboard, and the Sportswear and Outdoor Lines”, Larissa tells us.

Another technology the company highlights is FuseForm™. “It basically boils down to the fusion of Nylon and Polyester to ensure extra protection and comfort, respectively”, explains the product manager.

According to her, this fabric is waterproof, breathable, as well as seamless, and it additionally features lightweight construction, design, comfort and protection. It’s used in the making of waterproof jackets for outdoor activities, like mountaineering and climbing. I definitely want one (well, who doesn’t?).
Fabric Upgrade

foto UPGRADEIn January Nike started the year off with a collection of tights made for running and training. This men’s model features compression adjustments from hips to ankles, which move along with the body.

Plus, according to the brand’s press advisory, the fabric manages body heat and improves circulation, preventing tingling or numbness in legs after the activity.

And that’s not all. The brand’s designers have gone an extra mile and did a research on a technology called Advanced Innovation Kitchen, following cricket players in the extremely hot areas on the planet.

These guys, who play outdoors, have been constantly exposed to sunlight, and so they needed more than just lightweight materials to fight heat.

Inspired by sun shades of reflective windshields that contribute to the conditioning of the car interiors, these designers have come up with a thin polymer metal film to block UV light and infrared heat.

It is applied all across the knee and shin areas as they’re directly affected by the sun’s rays, while breathability in the back of the tights increases air circulation in high sweating areas.
Fashionist Technology

giphy(7)Together with this performance boost, fashion came to give the apparel a little touch. The market has realized that men are more and more inclined to working out and looking good. We’ve had enough of plain black or white tees.

“Now with more frequency than ever men have been searching for sportswear and accessories that combine technology, design and lightweight, leaving behind the old habits of working out in just any white cotton t-shirt they found in the back of their wardrobes”, Larissa points.

According to her, no one cared about matching colors or fabrics in the past. As for today such behavior is really noticeable. Many of these modern items are highly fashionable or even special editions.

That’s why we have selected an entire gallery with several apparel options with more than technological fabrics – but not without a fashionist touch, of course. Check it out.
Nike Men’s Pro Hypercool Max Tight

Foto Nike leggingFeatures Advanced Innovation Kitchen, a thin polymer film that blocks UV light and infrared heat across the athlete’s knees and shins, areas that are more affected by the sun. They also feature a compression system that improves circulation and prevents numbness and tingling in legs after activitie

Textile customisation trend drives rapid growth in dye sublimation

Jun 26, 2017
Textile customisation trend drives rapid growth in dye sublimation
View Full Size
According to The Future of Dye-Sublimation Printing to 2021, an estimated total of around 384 million square metres of fabric were printed digitally via dye sublimation in the year to Q1 2016, having grown by just under 18.4% in the past year 2015-16. This is set to rise to 892 million square metres in 2021.

The four major end-use segments are garments; household (carpets, wall coverings and upholstery); technical and visual communications (displays and signage); and technical textiles. This last category includes automotive (seats, seat-belts, seat head lining, panels, sound absorption), bags, medical and scientific textiles, sails, tents, parasols/umbrellas, accessories and sports equipment.

The garments segment is the largest end-use sector, with 75% of the market share by value in 2016. The other segments each take 5-10% of the market.

    What is driving the market, in very basic terms, is the increasing demand for rapid customisation to create beautiful, unique clothing or household products. This is more and more made possible by digital printing technology. In turn, printers must turn around the production and delivery of dye sublimation products ever more quickly to meet this demand.
    Dr J D Hayward Report author

Applications of digital dye sublimation textile printing include, in order of run length: unique one-offs, sampling, micro-runs, short production runs and increasingly long bulk production runs in the multiple thousands of linear metres. This last is the new battleground with conventional analogue textile print, which dye sublimation is looking to disrupt with a new generation of high-productivity presses.

Dye sublimation specific machine annual revenues amount to a total of €279 million ($304 million) to Q1 2016. Dye sublimation inks revenues amount to a total of around €259 million to end Q1 2016.

Globally, digital textile printing output grew at more than 45% annually between 2004 and 2009 from a low base. From 2009, growth slowed somewhat, in part due to the fact that the near-exponential growth rates of early years could not be sustained as the market became more mature, but also because of the global economic slowdown.

Dye sublimation digital printing was nascent in the period 2004-9. The sublimation dye market attracted attention as it was clearly growing rapidly between 2011 and 2015, in some countries at over 50% per year from a low base. The market participants collectively now predict a lower rate of growth going ahead to 2021, but at 18.4% CAGR, dye sublimation continues to be an appealing fast-growing market that will more than double in terms of volume printed and value over the study period.

In terms of regional markets, Asia (including Turkey) is having, and will continue to have, the strongest growth. Conversely, the highest per unit price will continue to be seen in North America and Western Europe.

The Future of Dye-Sublimation Printing to 2021 provides data and an exclusive analysis designed for organisations at all phases in the value chain looking to capitalise on opportunities in this booming segment. It examines global and key regional markets for dye sublimation print, which is contextualised with analysis of the state of the art in dye sublimation printing and expert analysis of the technical and market drivers that are fuelling growth.

Juta Textile
7, Jalan 3/33B,
MWE Commercial Park,
6 1/2 Mile Kepong,
52000 Kuala Lumpur,
+6012-737 7716

26 Tips for Running Your Best

Jun 26, 2017
26 Tips for Running Your Best
View Full Size

If you’re running a marathon this year and you’re worried about the task ahead, relax

We’re here to advise you on what to do a month out, a week away, even the day of. Shoe tips? Check. Hydration strategy? It’s here. Taper advice? Got it. And for those of you not running 26.2 this year, our humble (yet informed) opinion is that you will be soon. So keep these tips where you can find them – they aren’t just essential; they’re timelessshoes

1/26 Glen Montgomery
Look Down
Select the shoes–and the socks–you’ll wear in the marathon. The shoes should be relatively lightweight but provide good support, and the socks should be the type you wear in other races. If the shoes aren’t your regular training shoes, wear them on at least one 10-mile run at marathon pace. This test run will determine whether you’re likely to develop blisters or get sore feet–before it’s too late. If the shoes bother you on this run, get yourself another pair.
2/26 Mitch Mandel

Do a Half-Marathon
“About a month out is a good time to test your fitness,” says four-time Boston and New York City Marathon champ Bill Rodgers. “Also, a good race can provide a powerful mental lift, and it will give you a little rest period in the few days before and after as you taper and recover from it.” Aim to run the half-marathon slightly faster than your marathon goal pace. If you can’t find a tune-up race, recruit friends to accompany you on a long run, with the last several miles faster than marathon pace.

speedy runner
3/26 Tyler Stableford
Add Speed to Your Longest Long Run

“Four weeks out is when I do my longest run,” says 2:13 marathoner Keith Dowling. “I’ll run up to 26 miles, with this twist: I do my usual easy long-run pace for most of it, but with eight miles left, I’ll work down to six-minute pace and drop the pace every two miles to finish at five-minute pace.”

Translated into mortal terms: With eight miles to go, begin running one minute per mile slower than your marathon goal pace. Then speed up every two miles to run the last couple of miles at goal pace or slightly faster. This run will teach you how to up your effort as you become tired. Combine this with the half-marathon mentioned above, doing one with four weeks to go, and the other with three weeks to go. Your local race calendar will probably dictate the order in which you’ll run them. But if you have a choice, do the long run four weeks out (for more recovery time) and the half-marathon three weeks before your race.

Course Map
Mimic the Course

If at all possible, start doing runs on the same topography as the marathon. For example, go up and down lots of hills if you’re running New York City, and get used to several hours of pancake flatness if you’re running a course like Chicago. (A flat course might seem less challenging, but its lack of variation means you’ll be using the same muscles the whole race. You need to prepare for this.)

If you live in a flat area and are preparing for a hilly marathon, do several runs on a treadmill, and alter the incline throughout. If you don’t have access to a treadmill, run on stairways or stadium steps. (Hey, drastic times call for drastic measures.)

woman drinking sports drink
Drink on the Run

“Practice during your remaining long and semilong runs with the sports drink and energy gels you intend to refuel with during the race,” advises Suzanne Girard Eberle, M.S., R.D., a former elite runner and author of Endurance Sports Nutrition.

“Serious-minded racers and those with finicky stomachs should be using the sports drink that will be available on the race course. And remember that sports drinks do triple duty when compared with water by providing fluid, carbohydrates, and electrolytes, the most important being sodium.” Find out how often your marathon will have aid stations, and practice drinking at that rate. If you don’t run with fluids, place bottles along your training route.

Runners wearing running clothes
6/26 Ryan Olszewski
Dress the Part

“Please don’t run the marathon in a cotton T-shirt, even if it’s for a wonderful charity,” implores Rodgers. “You’ll run so much easier in real running clothes, such as those made of Coolmax or nylon, than in a suffocating T-shirt.”

Once you’ve picked your marathon outfit, make sure it doesn’t irritate your skin. “I normally race in my marathon clothes before the race to feel if they’re comfortable,” says Sara Wells, the 2003 U.S. National Marathon Champion. “Also wear the getup on at least one semilong run.”

Runner running too fast
7/26 Les and Dave Jacobs
Don’t Get Greedy

Stick to your plan when training for a marathon—it isn’t like cramming for a test. That is, doing more miles than you’re used to in the last few weeks will hurt–not help–your race.

“Even if you’re feeling great, don’t up the ante and increase your training,” cautions Rodgers. “This is the time when many runners have been at it for two months or more and are becoming used to a certain level of training. Draw strength from the hard work you’ve put in.” Wells advises, “Have confidence in what you’ve been doing. From here on out, you’re just maintaining your fitness.” And get plenty of sleep.

8/26 Neil Burton
Do no more than 40 percent of your peak weekly mileage, with most of that coming early in the week. Except for your dress rehearsal run (see below), keep your runs easy. “You should feel like you’re storing up energy, both physically and mentally” says Rodgers. If you’ve done speedwork as part of your buildup, follow an easy run later in the week with some quick 100-meter pickups to remind yourself of how fast and fit you are. On the day before the race, stick with your pre-long-run routine–a day off if that’s what you usually do, a two- or three-mile jog if you’re a daily runner.

Runner running
9/26 Gary Allard
Run a Dress Rehearsal
Four or five days before the marathon, do a two- or three-mile marathon-pace run in your marathon outfit and shoes. Picture yourself on the course running strong and relaxed. Besides boosting your confidence, this run will provide one last little bit of conditioning and will help you lock in to race pace on marathon day.
Fit guy with a clock.
10/26 Mitch Mandel
Run Like a Clock
If possible, run at the same time of day as the start of your marathon. This way, your body’s rhythms–including the all-important bathroom routine–will be in sync with marathon needs come race day. The more times you can do this, the better, but shoot for at least the last three days before the race.
first and second place ribbons
Set Two Goals

“Review your training and set one goal for a good race day, and another as a backup plan in case it’s hot or windy or you’re just not feeling great,” Rodgers recommends. “So many things can go wrong in a marathon that you need that secondary goal to stay motivated if things aren’t perfect, which they seldom are.”

Your primary goal is the one you’ve been working toward during your buildup, whether it’s a personal best, qualifying for Boston, or breaking five hours. Your secondary goal should keep you motivated at the 22-mile mark on a bad day: finishing in the top 50 percent, slowing only 10 minutes over the second half, or just reaching the darn finish line.

Man winning race
12/26 IPGGutenbergUKLtd/Getty
See Success

On several nights before going to bed, or first thing in the morning, visualize yourself crossing the finish line as the clock shows a new personal best. Before the 2004 Olympic Marathon Trials, where Wells placed seventh, she replayed positive mental images before falling asleep at night. “I knew the course we would be running, and I’d see myself out on it running well,” she says. “There’s a hill in the 25th mile, and I’d say to myself, ’Okay, get up that hill, and then run strong to the finish.’”

Features of Activewear Fabric

Jun 26, 2017
Features of Activewear Fabric
View Full Size
Juta Textile is a specialized fabric manufacturer and wholesaler of all types of knitted fabrics especially for t-shirt,activewear and dye sublimation printing

7, Jalan 3/33B,MWE Commercial Park,
6 1/2 Mile Kepong,52000 Kuala Lumpur,
+6012-737 7716

Features of Activewear Fabric

There are few — if any — types of clothing in which fashion and function being optimized is as essential as when it comes to activewear. Wearing clothes that perform as great as they look can be the difference between a so-so workout and an amazing one. And just because a separate feels great when you try it on doesn’t mean it will actually perform well when you’re sweating buckets or maintain its shape after multiple hot water washes. To find out the pros and cons of popular activewear fabrics

1. Cotton

We all know and love cotton because it feels great against our skin, which is why it’s such a common fabric for lifestyle apparel products, but unless it’s blended with other more technical fabrics it doesn’t tend to make for great performance garments.Cotton can hold moisture (i.e. sweat), so you wouldn’t typically create a performance piece made predominantly of cotton unless some sort of wicking application was added.Natural fibers like cotton absorb and hold sweat so the fabric gets wet and heavy and takes a longer time to dry.

2. Lycra / Spandex

Lycra is always seen as a stretch fabric, but can be inserted into wovens or jerseys, and used in activewear, swimwear, underwear, hosiery, and pretty much any other garment you can think of.

The quintessential workout fabric spandex is known for its ability to recover and stretch. It’s part of almost every tight fitting activewear separate since it’s critical for allowing the body to move comfortably.

3. Polyester / Microfibre

“Polyester is inexpensive, it can be recycled, it’s quite durable (though not as durable as nylon), and it also has low moisture absorbency so with the right treatment it can have wicking and quick dry properties.Microfibre fabric is much easier to use for digital printing because it takes the color much more easily than nylon and can have very saturated prints.Microfibre is not likely to shrink when washed and it holds its shape better than most other common fibers in apparel.

4. Nylon

Nylon is the most strong and abrasion resistant fiber compared to polyester. It has low moisture absorbency and with the right treatment it can have wicking and quick dry properties.The fibers are smooth and long lasting which make it much more durable than polyester. Nylon is not the best at absorbing dye so it’s more difficult to achieve saturated color for digital printing.”

Switch to Mobile Version